Urbanitat

Florida, Richard

richard_florida(Nacido en Newark, New Jersey, 1957) Experto estadounidense en crecimiento económico. Reconocido por su trabajo en el desarrollo del concepto de clase creativa, y sus ramificaciones en regeneración urbana que fueron enunciados en sus libros The Rise of the Creative Class, —en el que argumenta que existe un número determinado de profesiones que son claves a la hora de poder desarrollar y estimular el crecimiento económico—, Cities and the Creative Class, y The Flight of the Creative Class.

Su tesis fundamental es que la elección del lugar para residir es crucial, puesto que determina las oportunidades de todo tipo, profesionales, personales, etc, y que en la economía creativa actual, la verdadera fuente del crecimiento económico proviene de la concentración de personas de talento y productivas. Sus estudios se centran en la creatividad y su relación con la demografía, en especial con su correlación con las áreas metropolitanas de gran concentración de trabajadores de tecnología punta así como ‘bohemios’ y homosexuales.

Richard Florida sostiene que las áreas metropolitanas con alta concentración de empleados de tecnología punta se asocia a un elevado desarrollo económico y que la creatividad fomenta un entorno abierto que atrae a empresas y capital. Propone atraer y retener talentos de calidad antes que centrase exclusivamente en el desarrollo de infraestructuras como estadios o centros comerciales lo que serviría de regeneración y prosperidad a largo plazo para las ciudades.

The most succesful regions welcome all kinds of people. They offer a range of living choices, from nice suburbs with single-famlly housing to hip urban districts for the unattached. Why di they offer all of the above? Simple: because they have to.” Cities and the Creative Class, New York, Routledge, 2005, Pg 21.

… looking only at the figures on overall job creation can be, by itself, extremely misleading. The relativity theory says that there are many types of growth. Indeed it argues that all growth is not created equal. My theory is concerned primarily with the quality of economic growth, and the quality of growth is not reflected in job growth at all, but in the wages and incomes tat people make.” Cities and the Creative Class, New York, Routledge, 2005, Pg 24.

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BIBLIOGRAFIA RELLEVANT:

  • The Rise of the Creative Class (2002)
  • Cities and the Creative Class (2005)
  • The Flight of the Creative Class (2005)
  • Who’s Your City? (2008)

Glaeser, Edward Ludwig

Professor Edward Glaeser of the Economics Departments and the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University on May 18, 2011.(Born May 1967) Is an American economist at Harvard University. He was educated at The Collegiate School in New York City before obtaining his B.A. in economics from Princeton University and his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago. He has published dozens of papers on cities, economic growth, and law and economics. In particular, his work has focused on the determinants of city growth and the role of cities as centers of idea transmission.

He has published influential studies on inequality. His work with David Cutler of Harvard identified harmful effects of segregation on black youth in terms of wages, joblessness, education attainment, and likelihood of teen pregnancy. They found that the effect of segregation was so harmful to blacks that if black youth lived in perfectly integrated metropolitan areas, their success would be no different from white youth on three of four measures and only slightly different on the fourth.

“...The computer industry, more than any other sector, is the place where one might expect remote communication to replace person-to-person meetings; computer companies have the best teleconferencing tools, the best Internet applications, the best means of connecting far-flung collaborators. Yet despite their ability to work at long distances, this industry has become the world`s most famous example of the benefits of geographic concentration. Technology innovators who could easily connect electronically pay for some of America`s most expensive real estate to reap the benefits of being able to meet in person” Glaeser, E., The Triumph of the City: our greatest invention makes us richer, smarter, greener, healthier,and happier, 2011, 456 pages.

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BIBLIOGRAFIA RELLEVANT:

  • Triumph of the city (2011)
  • Cities, Agglomeration and Spatial Equilibrium (2009)