Ferguson, Niall

niall_ferguson(Glasgow, 1964) Is a British historian from Scotland. He is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University. His specialities are international history, economic and financial history, and British and American imperialism.He is known for his provocative, contrarian views. In 2004, he was named as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine.

British historian Niall Ferguson has produced a number of well-reviewed books examining the economic, political, and social forces that propel historical change, particularly in the modern civilization of the Western world.

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  • The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World (2008)
  • Colossus: The Price of America’s Empire (2004)
  • Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World , Allen Lane (2003)
  • The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World (2001)
  • Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation, 1897-1927 (2001)
  • Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (1999)
  • The World’s Banker: The History of the House of Rothschild (1998)
  • The Pity of War (1998)

Innerarity, Daniel

innerarity(Born in Bilbao,1959) He is a Doctor in Philosophy, he broadened his studies in Germany on a grant from the Alexander von Humboldt Institute, and in Switzerland and Italy. Notable among his books are Ética de la hospitalidad (Ethics of Hospitality), La transformación de la política (The Transformation of Politics that won the 3rd Miguel de Unamuno Essay Prize and National Literature Prize for Essays), La sociedad invisible (The Invisible Society that won the Espasa Essay Prize 2004) and El nuevo espacio público (The New Public Space).His research is centred on the study of contemporary society and the present-day transformations of politics. At the proposal of the Spanish Senate, he has been a member of the University Coordination Council, and he now belongs to the institution ANECA (National Quality Assessment and Accreditation Agency)

One of the most urgent tasks of social-liberal democracy is to reduce the power of the state to the bare minimum and seek to eliminate economic domination. We usually consider that this is due to an excessive freedom of the market, while it actually comes from a lack of economic freedom. Constitutional and democratic order cannot be viable unless it recognizes and actively combats the existence of concentrations of power that are incompatible with freedom. It is therefore necessary that the constitutional principle attempting to reduce power not be restricted to politics, but for it to be widespread in the world economy, which now suffers from severeal distortions fue to the existence of new oligopolies and the complicit weakness of certain states. We must not only fight for state power reduced to a minimum, but also for a market economy free from domination. The belief of laissez-faire politics was directed against large concentrations of capital, it did not seek to justify the inactivity of the state, as neo-liberalism tries to do. The state must actively ensure that all citizens can freely enter the market.” Innerarity, D., The transformation of politics: Governing in the Age of Complex Societies,Brusels, P.I.E. Peter Lang S.A., 2010, Page 144.

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Daniel Innerarity`s Webpage


  • Un mundo de todos y de nadie. Piratas, riesgos y redes en el nuevo desorden global (2013)
  • Internet y el futuro de la democracia (2012)
  • La humanidad amenazada: gobernar los riesgos globales (2011)
  • La democracia del conocimiento (2010)
  • El futuro y sus enemigos (2008)
  • El nuevo espacio público (2006)
  • La sociedad invisible (2004)
  • La transformación de la política (2002)
  • Ética de la hospitalidad (2001)