Els principals factors que defineixen el model de territoris intel·ligents són l’òptima connexió i l’existència d’infraestructures de comunicació amb l’exterior, així com una bona dotació d’equipaments i serveis. Són territoris caracteritzats per empreses fortes i tenir una bona disponibilitat financera. Les smart cities tendeixen a ser ciutats cosmopolites i la sostenibilitat ambiental hi té un pes rellevant. Per contra, la cohesió així com la cooperació i responsabilitat de la societat en al vida quotidiana de la comunitat és menys rellevant.
- Many ‘top down’ smart city ideas have failed to deliver on their promise, combining high costs and low returns.
- ‘Collaborative technologies’ offer cities another way to make smarter use of resources, smarter ways of collecting data and smarter ways to make decisions.
- Collaborative technologies can also help citizens themselves shape the future of their cities.
- We have created five recommendations for city government who want to make their cities smarter.
- As cities bring people together to live, work and play, they amplify their ability to create wealth and ideas. But scale and density also bring acute challenges: how to move around people and things; how to provide energy; how to keep people safe.
‘Smart cities’ offer sensors, ‘big data’ and advanced computing as answers to these challenges, but they have often faced criticism for being too concerned with hardware rather than with people. In this report we argue that successful smart cities of the future will combine the best aspects of technology infrastructure while making the most of the growing potential of ‘collaborative technologies’, technologies that enable greater collaboration between urban communities and between citizens and city governments. How will this work in practice? Drawing on examples from all around the world we investigate four emerging methods which are helping city governments engage and enable citizens: the collaborative economy, crowdsourcing data, collective intelligence and crowdfunding. Download document
- Survey U.S. urban development in the USA, noting both the hard science of cutting-edge smart technology innovations as well as the soft science of shaping appealing and sustainable smart city environments.
- Identify and summarize a representative group of leading smart city case studies.
- Based upon above, target select municipalities and associated smart city programmes for in-depth field analysis and/or benchmarking by Tekes-led Finnish delegation.