Territoris en transició

 Reptes

 Factors

Les transition towns són el resultat d’una suma de moviments locals que pretenen mitigar els efectes d’un futura crisi global relacionada amb el pic de producció del petroli. Aquests moviments es compten per centenars sobretot en el món anglosaxó i s’estan estenent a altres països. Les ciutats en transició pretenen també aprofitar l’ocasió per adoptar un model més sostenible que potenciï l’autosuficiència tot reduint la petjada ecològica, model que és vist amb ulls crítics per alguns economistes i defensat pels partidaris del decreixement.

La ideologia central del moviment és la idea que una vida sense combustibles fòssils pot ser molt més satisfactòria que l’actual i, en aquest sentit, s’entén el final de l’era del petroli més com una oportunitat que no pas com una amenaça. Per això es proposa plantejar alternatives de futur que permetin crear un món millor per viure i on les baixes emissions de carboni permetin ser pròspers i resistents, tot deixant enrere el mite del creixement perpetu.Els factors que determinen el model dels territoris en transició són el desenvolupament de polítiques locals i la cooperació entre diferents administracions, així com la importància d’assolir uns nivells òptims de sostenibilitat, en termes de qualitat ambiental, al costat d’usos del sòl i teixits urbans adequats. Dins d’aquest context, el model fomenta la transició cap a una estructura econòmica formada per activitats baixes en carboni, que al seu torn demana cert múscul inversor. Són ciutats amb una bona dotació de serveis i equipaments. Pel que fa al coneixement es mobilitza per avançar cap a les emissions zero i això propicia l’especialització econòmica.
intransitionAnnie Novak and Ben Flanner have a 6,000-square-foot farm on a rooftop in the industrial Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, N.Y. They supply restaurants with the produce and have a Sunday farm stand. Enthusiasm is growing for green roofs, also hailed for keeping buildings warmer in winter and cooler in summer, lowering electricity use. Illustrates NEWYORK-FARM (category a), by Robin Shulman (c) 2009, The Washington Post. Moved Monday, Sept. 14, 2009. (MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Helayne Seidman)

Governance challenges and models for the cities of tomorrow

Iván Tosics (Metropolitan Research Institute, Budapest), 2011No one can deny that European cities face very serious economic, environmental, social and demographic challenges in the 21st century. Moreover, the slowing down of population increase (with the threat of population decline starting 10-15 years from now) means the end of the universal growth paradigm in Europe, while the financial crisis seriously delimits the spending possibilities of the public sector for a couple of years. Under such circumstances, it is an enormous task to increase economic competitiveness in the future, while at the same time preserving the European development model with its high environmental and social requirements.The difficulties are especially large in urban areas. Economic development has led to quick spatial expansion of urban areas in the last decades. European local governments, on the other hand, are the products of the mid-20th century, in most countries unchanged for decades. Moreover, the territorial borders of administrative units might be even older, going back in many places to the 19th century. As a consequence, the ‘economic city’ has become much larger than the ‘administrative city’. With the outdated institutional and territorial structures, public interests are poorly represented and remain a long way behind the dynamism of private actors.For a competitive and sustainable Europe of tomorrow and in order to successfully address the interconnected challenges, it is crucial to modernise the public sector on all levels of government. In this process, much attention should be given to the re-thinking of the subnational level, especially regarding the governance system of the urban areas. Integrated thinking, planning and decision -making processes (with substantive inclusion of the population) are needed, which require new governance models on functional spatial levels and optimal coordination between these models and the formal administrative structuresDownload document

Transition Towns: Local Networking for Global Sustainability?

Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, 2010The Transition Model has advanced a pathway towards ‘local sustainability’ distinct from previous sustainability models in a clear and important way: it is a grassroots, non-governmental model and also a networking movement. Still in its infancy, and with little academic attention so far having specifically focused on it, there is a clear gap in understanding of the Transition Model’s role in relation to (local) sustainability, which this research has sought to bridge.In a conceptualisation of the Transition Model and an empirical investigation into how the model is applied, in a sample of Transition Initiatives; I sought to understand the factors leading to a large number, and diverse range of Initiatives adopting the model. In concluding, this research asks what impact, if any the Transition Model has upon theoretical and practical understanding in the field of (local) sustainability and environmentalism.
The Transition Model within a system of environmental governancetransitionmodelwithinsystemDownload document