Territoris comunitaris

 Reptes

 Factors

En aquest model, les comunitats locals uneixen forces per superar els seus reptes de manera conjunta. La ciutat comunitària connecta els ciutadans amb els processos de presa de decisions relatius als assumptes públics i els ofereix eines per participar activament en la configuració de les seves comunitats, incloent les de caràcter econòmic i la cerca en les intervencions de l’apoderament de les persones i grups.

Les activitats econòmiques s’orienten a la satisfacció de les necessitats de les persones i de la comunitat, i no a l’ànim de lucre. Les economies comunitàries hi tenen un protagonisme elevat i el seu grau d’interconnexió resulta fonamental per la dinàmica del territori i corregir les debililitats de les microiniciatives. És un model altament descentralitzat i de funcionament horitzontal.

L’intercanvi i col·laboració entre els ciutadans fomenta la interacció entre diferents cultures, i l’increment de coneixement i creació d’activitats econòmiques. En canvi, factors com la connectivitat física o la presència d’espais d’activitat econòmica són poc rellevants.

 

Cities as Collaborative Innovation Platforms

Taina Tukiainen, Seppo Leminen, and Mika Westerlund (Technology Innovation Management Review, 2015)In this article, we focus on the role of a city as an orchestrator for innovation. We argue that cities should establish active dialogue with their citizens, and private and public sectors actors to co-create, develop, test, and offer service innovations that utilize diverse sets of platforms such as living labs. Our research contributes to the discussions of open and user innovations from the perspective of cities as communities that involve and integrate citizens and companies to collaborative innovation activities. While acknowledging that cities are platforms for simultaneous and divergent innovation initiatives, we identify four principal types of collaborative innovation. Cities serve as platforms for: i) improving everyday life; ii) conducting consumer and citizen experiments; iii) experimenting and implementing new technologies and services; and iv) creating new innovations and economies. Finally, we offer guidelines for fostering collaborative innovation activities between the public and private sectors.
The model for the cities to accelerate open innovation
cities_collaborative_innova
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Shifting Perceptions of Collaborative Consumption

National League of Cities (2015)Cities make the sharing economy work. The growth, excitement and disruption surrounding this changing economic construct permeate our communities. Despite the sometimes mixed sentiment surrounding the sharing economy, it is here to stay. Cities across America are finding themselves face to face with the opportunities and challenges inherent in this new business model, and NLC is working to help cities navigate this everchanging environment in preparation for the future.The sharing economy, also commonly referred to as collaborative consumption, the collaborative economy or the peer-topeer economy, puts city policymakers and regulators in a unique position. Sharing economy goods and services are not just efficient and beloved by citizens; they also create new economic opportunity and serve as catalysts of urban innovation. Many sharing economy services make use of existing or underutilized resources, encourage entrepreneurial spirit, and promote innovation.While the sharing economy has many benefits, it also prompts concerns about safety, revenue, workers’ rights and other issues. Policymakers are often under pressure to permit the services their constituents love and demand while also ensuring safety, fairness and the best interests of the community.Download document

Cities Building Community Wealth

Marjorie Kelly and Sarah McKinley, 2015As cities struggle with rising inequality, widespread economic hardship, and racial disparities, something surprising and hopeful is also stirring. In a growing number of America’s cities, a more inclusive, community-based approach to economic development is being taken up by a new breed of economic development professionals and mayors. This approach to economic development could be on the cusp of going to scale. It’s time it had a name. We call it community wealth building.Download document

The Enabling Effects of Open Government Data on Collaborative Governance in Smart City Contexts

Martin Bartenberger, Verena Grubmüller-Régent (2014)The term “smart city” has been strongly promoted since the late 1990s, yet its concrete meaning remains blurry. In this article, we shed light on two elements that many “smart cities” claim to integrate: open data and collaborative/participatory governance. Notably, we investigate whether the common claim in the smart city literature that open data can promote more participative and collaborative forms of governance passes the test of additional theoretical interrogation. We criticize that while this literature has noticed the importance of participation and collaboration, the meaning of the concepts has remained vague. Therefore, we introduce a concrete yet comprehensive framework of collaborative governance from which we derive three theoretical assumptions regarding the potential influence of open data on collaborative processes in a smart city context: overcoming knowledge asymmetries, facilitating joint fact finding and enabling trust building. We conclude by outlining how our theoretical framework could guide further empirical research on the exact relation of smart cities, collaborative governance and open government data.Download document

Otra vida es posible

Joana Conill, Amalia Cardena, Manuel Castells, Lisa Servon, Sviatlana Hlebik (2013)El libro nos habla de una economía al servicio de la vida. Este es el resultado de una investigación académica que se adentra en las redes de personas que construyen una economía sostenible, solidaria y descentralizada. Miles de intercambios con el objetivo de satisfacer las necesidades y los deseos de las personas dibujan una cultura que desafía las injusticias de nuestro mundo. Y nos inspiran con un nuevo sistema de creencias que aporta significados innovadores sobre el trabajo, que desafía el miedo, que trae nuevos sistemas de valor donde el precio no importa, que pone la creatividad en el centro de la actividad humana, que señala la necesidad de aprender a relacionarnos y a afrontar conflictos como clave para escenarios futuros, que rompe con el patriarcado y que denuncia la soledad a que nos condena el capitalismo. En medio de un sistema social y económico que se desmorona, este libro pone el foco en otras formas de vida que crecen con fuerza en todo el mundo para poder responder como sociedad a la preguntas de dónde, porqué y cómo se origina el cambio.Leer libro

Creative Places for Collaborative cities

Teresa Franqueira (Universidade de Aveiro), 2009This paper will focus in the urban territory and its social, cultural and economic dynamics and in particular in the different manifestations of creativity that can be found here, namely in spaces in which spontaneous and diffuse forms of social innovation and creativity are emerging: Creative PlacesIt is in this urban context that Creative Places thrive, working as incubators of change, sustainable behaviors, bottom-up creativity and subculture of collaboration. In this framework, Creative Places shape a Collaborative City, which in turn fosters the appearance of Creative Places.The assumption of design as a strategic instrument to operate in complex systems involving complex networks of actors and able to decode, combine and make sense of multidisciplinary knowledge; and in so doing, able to decline it into a coherent projectual, flexible and open-ended language in order to promote the diffusion of sustainable social innovations and widen their reach and impact through designing for sustainability and for radical systemic innovation.collaborativecitycycleDownload document